Endothelial Dysfunction Treatment Question and Answers
Endothelial dysfunction can proceed to chronic heart diseases if left untreated. Apollo Cardiology offers endothelial dysfunction treatment in St. Louis, MO. Call us today for more information or book an appointment online. We are open 5 days a week! We are located at 7733 Forsyth Blvd, 11th floor, St Louis, MO 63105.
Blood pumps through our veins every second of every day, providing valuable oxygen to tissues and organs throughout the body. There are some health conditions that negatively affect blood flow, which can result in many complications. One of these conditions is endothelial dysfunction, which is characterized by large blood vessels on the heart’s surface that constrict instead of dilating. This makes it more difficult for blood to pass through these vessels, and often results in chronic chest pain. Endothelial dysfunction affects more women than it does men.
What is endothelial dysfunction?
The endothelium, which is key to optimal blood vessel function and cardiovascular health, is a layer of cells that lines the blood vessels. Endothelial dysfunction is an early stage in the development of cardiovascular disease and can be triggered by various factors, including: high blood pressure; inflammation; hyperglycemia; and oxidized low-density lipoprotein.
What causes endothelial dysfunction?
Endothelial dysfunction can be caused by several factors, including lifestyle habits, such as smoking and physical inactivity, and health conditions, including diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and hypertension. The ways that a person can develop endothelial dysfunction are not fully understood. However, it seems clear that numerous factors can contribute to it, including:
- Elevated LDL cholesterol and triglyceride levels
- Sedentary lifestyle
- Emotional stress
- Heart failure
- Chemotherapy and radiation therapy
- Genetic influences
What are the signs of endothelial dysfunction?
Because people will often not experience obvious symptoms when the condition is still in its early stages, it is often difficult to provide an accurate overview of symptoms associated with the condition.
However, as endothelial dysfunction progresses, it tends to cause other health complications to develop, which can lead to the manifestation of symptoms. Signs of endothelial dysfunction may include:
- Chest pain, which can be exacerbated by emotional stress and physical activity
- Shortness of breath, which is not experienced by every individual
While the aforementioned symptoms are the main symptoms linked to endothelial dysfunction, other symptoms can occur if complications arise. It is also important to note that endothelial dysfunction is sometimes considered to be a preceding condition of atherosclerosis, which means a patient with the condition may go on to develop atherosclerosis. When no treatment is provided to the patient, the risk is significantly increased.
Is endothelial dysfunction reversible?
Under certain circumstances, endothelial dysfunction may be reversible. The recent clinical evidence that supports that endothelial dysfunction may be reversible raises the possibility of slowing the progression of atherosclerosis or modifying arterial function. This can significantly decrease the risk of acute cardiovascular events.
How is endothelial dysfunction treated?
Endothelial dysfunction can be treated with the following:
- Lifestyle Modifications, including:
- Eating a healthful diet
- Losing weight
- Stopping smoking
- Reducing levels of stress
- Exercising regularly
- Certain medications, which are often used in conjunction with lifestyle changes. These medications may include:
- Nitrates — These drugs are used to help open constricted blood vessels, which increases the amount of blood flow to the heart and minimizes chest pain.
- Calcium channel blockers — Calcium channel blockers are used to help relax and widen blood vessels, which promotes overall blood flow.
- Statins — These drugs help to prevent plaque build-up by reducing cholesterol levels in the blood. They may also repair the endothelium.
- Aspirin — Aspirin may prevent blood clots, which can reduce the risk of a heart attack. Aspirin may also help the damaged endothelium cells to heal, which also reduces symptoms and pain.
If you are experiencing endothelial dysfunction, come to Apollo Cardiology in St Louis, MO, for treatment. The kind and caring professionals at Apollo Cardiology are dedicated to helping each individual improve their overall health to live a better quality of life. Call us today or book an appointment for endothelial dysfunction treatment, or visit our clinic conveniently located at 7733 Forsyth Blvd, 11th floor, St Louis, MO 63105. We look forward to serving you! We serve patients from St. Louis MO, Richmond Heights MO, Clayton MO, and Maplewood MO.